Armed conflict badly affected Mozambique in the latter half of the 20th century. After a liberation war and then independence in 1975, there followed a 16-year civil war fomented by Rhodesia and apartheid South Africa that did not end until Peace Accords were signed in 1992. However, after more than 20 years of peace, political unrest has unfolded in Mozambique, reflected in the growing number of associated casualties in some provinces, especially since 2015. Nevertheless, the country is still viewed by many as one of the success stories of the region, as its economy has been steadily expanding for decades. However, despite recent economic growth from the tapping of offshore gas fields since its discovery in 2011, more than half of its population remain in poverty. Current transformation of its economic landscape reflects Mozambique’s potential in alleviating the poor, which will can only occur if prosperity is more equally shared. The country remains heavily dependent on foreign aid in the form of budget support, and this has resulted in improved governance.